However, I’d add two side concerns that could/should be addressed in ways that do not result in inadequate pain treatment.
First, diversion is a huge problem. 12% of 18 to 25 year olds reported nonmedical use of pain relievers in the last year. This problem could be addressed without depriving patients of treatment.
Second, physicians need to be educated about addiction. I can’t tell you how many clients have gone to the ER for minor injuries and were prescribed Vicodin even after they explained that they are a recovering addict and do not want anything mood altering.