No surprise. This study, entitled Determinants of 12-step group affiliation and moderators of the affiliationÂabstinence relationship, found that 12-step attendance was associated with abstinence. This finding is repeated over and over again. What was more interesting was that being “less religious” and “younger.” In professional helping circles, 12-step groups are often criticized for their religiosity and it is frequently suggested that they may not be appropriate for people who don’t self-identify as Christian. It is also frequently suggested that they are inappropriate for younger people.